Legacy patient-reported outcome instruments like the FAAM Activities of Daily Living (ADL) quantify patient disability but are often limited by responder burden and incomplete questionnaires. The Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) overcomes such obstacles through computer-adaptive technology to collect data on various health domains including Physical Function (PF), Pain Interference (PI), and Depression. Few reports, though, have examined PROMIS tools in lower extremity patients, and no study has examined PROMIS psychosocial outcomes like PI and Depression in foot and ankle conditions. We investigated the relationship between FAAM ADL and PROMIS measures, hypothesizing that FAAM ADL and PROMIS scores would correlate.
All new patients with either a primary or secondary diagnosis of hallux valgus based on clinic billing codes from July, 2015 – February, 2016 were retrospectively identified. Patients with complete FAAM ADL paper-based surveys and electronic PROMIS questionnaires for PF, PI, and Depression were included. Spearman rho correlations were performed between FAAM ADL and PROMIS scores. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were then performed to identify differences in FAAM ADL and PROMIS PF measures based on select demographic variables (gender, comorbidities, marital status, employment status, prior foot and/or ankle surgery, and smoking status). Significant variables (P < 0.1) from bivariate and multivariate analyses were then entered into stepwise linear regressions to determine which variable(s) determined variance in FAAM ADL and PROMIS PF scores.
Eighty-five patients were identified (13 males, 72 females). FAAM scores significantly correlated with PROMIS PF (r = 0.70, P < 0.001), PI (r = 0.65, P < 0.001), and Depression (r = 0.35, P < 0.001) outcomes. Bivariate and multivariate analyses revealed significantly lower FAAM ADL scores in men (P = 0.02) and active smokers (P = 0.1). No significant group differences were detected for PROMIS PF scores (P > 0.1). Regression analyses demonstrated that PROMIS PI scores alone accounted for significant portions of the variance in FAAM ADL (R2 = 0.44, P < 0.001) and PROMIS PF (R2 = 0.57, P < 0.001) measures.
PROMIS PF, PI, and Depression scores all correlated with FAAM ADL scores, highlighting the importance of understanding functional and psychosocial disability when assessing outcomes in lower extremity patients. Further, PROMIS PI results predicted significant portions of FAAM ADL and PROMIS PF scores, suggesting that function and pain are interrelated when measured by either traditional or modern outcomes instruments.
Author: Nixon, D., McCormick, J., Johnson, J., & Klein, S. (2017).
Source: Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics, 2(2), 2473011416S2473000011.https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2473011417S000011